El proceso de Cumbres de Seguridad Nuclear: Perspectivas frente a la Cumbre de Washington de 2016


On December 12th, 2014, INCIPE organized a breakfast conference at which Mr. Gonzalo de Salazar, the Permanent Representative of Spain to the United Nations Office at Vienna, presented on the topic “El proceso de Cumbres de Seguridad Nuclear: Perspectivas frente a la Cumbre de Washington de 2016.”

The Nuclear Security Summit was first introduced in 2009 by United States President Barack Obama. During a speech in Prague, President Obama discussed the potential threats posed by nuclear terrorism, explaining that: “Because… threats will be lasting, we should come together to turn efforts such as the Proliferation Security Initiative and the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism into durable international institutions. And we should start by having a Global Summit on Nuclear Security that the United States will host within the next year.”

In April of 2010, Obama’s vision became a reality. The first Nuclear Security Summit focused on securing vulnerable nuclear materials, increasing international cooperation and seeking national responsibility for maintaining nuclear security. Four years later, these objectives have been met by about 95%. The Seoul Summit, held in 2012, focused on the balance between physical and nuclear security. The third Nuclear Security Summit was held in The Hague in 2014. Overarching themes during this summit included the global security architecture, the threat of nuclear terrorism and the role that the nuclear energy industry plays in maintaining global safety.

The 2016 summit, which will be held in the United States, is currently under preparation. Like The Hague, this summit will include relevant information from the fields of politics, industry and academia.

After Ambassador Gonzalo de Salazar finished his speech, attendees were given the opportunity to ask him questions. Some of the topics discussed included infrastructure security after Fukishima, differing political interests among states, and what Spain’s nuclear priorities should be.

Aranzazu Álvarez
Responsable de Relaciones Institucionales

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